Regarding wisdom and reason: one sharpens the other. However it must be understood that aphorisms came first (because antifragile), just as emotions precede logic.
I used to think English is a bad language because it’s extremely idiomatic and therefore ambiguous. But I’ve come to realize this is actually a strength if you realize that all idioms contain hard-earned mental models that, in aggregate, become a sort of institutional wisdom. It’s more than just linguistic history- a great deal of our culture is tacitly stored away in our language. Sometimes the mental model is easy to extract, like in the word “danegeld”. Sometimes the opposite, like in the idiom “nursing a grudge”. Maybe you would sense that idea at some level, but you could go your whole life without putting it into words.
People complain that there are all kinds of contradictory proverbs out there, but what they fail to realize is that you have to apply them with a modicum of discernment. I think a good example is “correlation is not causation” because this proverb was created within our lifetimes and we’re intimately familiar with it. Strictly speaking it’s true, but that can’t be your response to every statistic from every survey. It’s like formulas from physics, you can’t just throw aphorisms around, you have to apply them at the correct times. The point of having these proverbs is to make it easier to describe situations where they’re appropriate, a la Sapir-Whorf. And you know, life is complicated, sometimes you should “look before you leap” and sometimes “he who hesitates is lost”.