The gnostic fallacy:
1) Mind precedes matter in philosophical analysis, in the Cartesian skeptical tradition.
2) Therefore, mind precedes matter in causality. All matter is contingent and therefore derivative from mind, which is primary and not contingent.
In brief, “mind over matter”.
A person who takes the gnostic fallacy as axiomatic believes that nothing may exist outside of the collective consciousness of all existing minds. That is, nothing exists unless it is being created by someone observing it. Put another way, “nothing unprincipled exists”. Or another way, “everything that exists is a subset of what can be imagined to exist by someone, somewhere”. Gnosticism therefore elevates the perspective of the individual soul to pre-eminence, and tends to solipsism. I believe people who have an unbalanced intelligence profile favoring speed over caliber will tend to believe this more often. Gnostic pagans will tend to believe that the universe is a manifestation of the collective unconscious. A good example of a gnostic pagan is Andrew Anglin (ref: The Daily Shoah #171). Their attitude toward other people is equalist, optimistic, and pedantic. They believe they can fix you by raising your consciousness with their idealistic clarity.
The naturalistic fallacy:
1) Mind is contingent upon matter, because e.g. alcohol makes us drunk.
2) Therefore, mind is made of matter. All mind is emergent, incidental, and ultimately meaningless.
In brief, “matter over mind”.
A person who takes the naturalistic fallacy as axiomatic believes that meaning is an illusion, except insofar as it has utility, and likely believes it is an evolutionary artifact. That is, everything exists and nothing is actually being “observed” in any meaningful sense, i.e. qualia are also ephemeral illusions. If any material behavior of particles is predictable, the naturalist argues that the laws governing this predictable behavior arise from the chaos of complex systems. Opposite of the gnostic’s elevation of the individual soul, the naturalist will devalue consciousness relentlessly, and if possible dismiss it entirely in terms that indicate disgust and contempt. I believe people who have an unbalanced intelligence profile favoring calibre over speed will tend to believe this more often. Their emotionality toward people is decidedly negative and domineering. A naturalistic pagan will tend to believe that gods, spirits, and metaphysics are mere fancies of the complex electrical signals racing across our deterministic brains, and useful for statesmen to understand so as to properly govern others. A good example of a naturalistic pagan is Mike Enoch (again ref: The Daily Shoah #171).
The nature of the mind-body connection is extremely tricky ground and, in my opinion, remains unsolved to date. As for me, I have a certain attitude toward it when I do psychological speculation (assuming rational materialistic determinism, but stopping the logic short of devaluing consciousness and free will, which I observe in myself), and I remain agnostic on the philosophical points. However, I believe my heuristic for paradoxes may provide a step in the right direction for a higher caliber mind than mine: look for the feedback loop.